Archives For Lenders

Are you shopping mortgages and struggling to understand what products best fit your needs? To help clear up your confusion, we’ve listed the most common mortgage types along with their advantages and disadvantages. We’ve also provided information on who should consider each type of loan.

ITA18FXIBLOnce you’ve narrowed down the type of financing you’re after, contact a mortgage pro. They will walk you through the entire process and get you the best available deal.

Fixed Rate Conventional

  • Description: A fixed rate loan offers a stable interest rate amortized over the life of loan, which are most often set in 15, 20, or 30 years terms.
  • Advantages: Your monthly payment stays the same over the entire life of your loan.
  • Disadvantages: If interest rates drop after you’ve locked in your loan rate, you may be stuck with a higher monthly payment.
  • Consider If: You plan on staying in your home long-term and desire the security of a predictable monthly payment.

Adjustable Rate (ARM) or Variable Rate

  • Description: A variable rate mortgage or ARM usually offers a low introductory interest rate over a 3, 5, or 7 year term. After the initial-rate period ends, the interest rate fluctuates based on market trends.
  • Advantages: Introductory rates are often lower than rates for conventional mortgages, offering short-term savings. 
  • Disadvantages: If interest rates rise after your initial-rate period your monthly payments could go up.
  • Consider If: You’re confident you’ll be out of your home before the end of the initial-rate period or you plan to refinance.

Interest Only

  • Description: A borrower pays only the mortgage interest, in monthly payments, over a fixed term.
  • Advantages: Without paying principle, monthly payments are often less than fixed rate or adjustable rate loans.
  • Disadvantages: With Interest Only loans, the balance is often due in a lump sum after the initial period ends. This could mean significantly higher monthly payments or facing a large lump sum payment.
  • Consider If: You plan to live in the home for only a short amount of time or have confidence you can handle the larger payment down the road.

FHA Loans

  • Description: Allows buyers who may not qualify for a conventional mortgage to obtain financing with a lower down payment.
  • Advantages: First-time homebuyers or individuals who may not qualify for traditional funding have better access to home financing.
  • Disadvantages: Not everyone will qualify for FHA funding and even if you do, there may be restrictions on how much you can borrow or what types of property you can buy.
  • Consider If: You’re a first-time homebuyer or have low income and/or challenged credit.

VA Loans

  • Description: These loans are offered through the US Department of Veteran’s Affairs to eligible Veterans, active duty personal, or surviving spouses.
  • Advantages: VA Loans offer competitive rates, often with low or no down payments.
  • Disadvantages: As with FHA loans, the size of your loan may be limited.
  • Consider If: You’re a veteran, active duty personal, or surviving spouse.

Jumbo Loans

  • Description: Jumbo loans are for amounts exceeding $417,000 (or $625,000 in Alaska and Hawaii), which is the maximum Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac are willing to purchase.
  • Advantages: Jumbo Loans make it possible to purchase large homes and help finance home purchases in states with high home costs.
  • Disadvantages: Jumbo loans often require 20% down payments and interest rates can be .25-.50 higher than comparable conventional loans.
  • Consider If: You want to purchase a large home or live in a high-cost area.

Reverse Mortgage

  • Description: Reverse Mortgages are for seniors aged 62 and older with substantial equity in their property. With this loan, the lender pays the borrower a fixed monthly payment for as long as they live in their home.
  • Advantages: Allows seniors to convert their home equity into cash, which is often used for living expenses. The loans and interest don’t have to be paid back as long as the borrower lives in the home.
  • Disadvantages: Often an area of fraud by unethical lenders who prey on the elderly. If you’re considering a Reverse Mortgage, make sure your lender is reputable and the loan is federally insured.
  • Consider If: You’re retired and need extra monthly income.

mortgage-rates16New federal regulations requiring lenders to verify an applicant’s ability to repay may make it more difficult for borrowers who are self-employed to obtain a mortgage. The rules, created by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, set standards for mortgages that are considered low-risk for both parties.

Effective this month, lenders are now required to verify a borrower’s income and confirm a debt-to-income ratio of 43% or less. Borrowers who are self-employed or own their own business will find their incomes being analyzed in greater detail.

According to Peter Grabel, a loan originator at Luxury Mortgage, in Stamford, Connecticut, borrowers who have been self-employed for less than two years will find it nearly impossible to obtain financing without sufficient business tax returns.

“[Lenders] must establish the stability and continuity of the income source,” he said. “The problem for self-employed people is that they want to minimize their tax liability, but some of the ways they do so impact their ability to borrow.”

This article can be found in its original form at The New York Times.

8 Mortgage Tips for 2014

Househappy —  January 17, 2014 — 2 Comments

mortgage-ratesEarly 2014 might be a good time for buyers and homeowners to grab a low mortgage rate. If you keep your finances in order and act quickly, you will still have time to grab a great mortgage deal.

These 8 mortgage tips from MSN Real Estate can help you with your decisions in 2014:

1. Document your finances. With the new mortgage rules going into effect this month, lenders will be extra diligent when underwriting loans. Make sure to keep records of your finances, including bank statements, tax returns, W-2s and other assets you own. Lastly, be ready to explain any unusual deposits to your accounts to help close your loan faster.

2. Lock a rate as soon as you can. Rates will likely increase during the year with the Federal Reserve reducing the pace of the economic stimulus program. If you are planning to get a mortgage, lock in a rate as soon as you are able to.

3. Refinance now – if you still can. Those who are still paying more than 5 percent interest on their home loans might still have an opportunity to refinance at a lower rate. It doesn’t hurt to try. Talk to a loan officer and have them look over the numbers.

4. Buyers, use your bargaining power. Lenders lost a big portion of their refinance business when mortgage rates increased. This year, they will give more attention to homebuyers thus creating more competition. Buyers should take advantage of bargaining power and should shop around for the best deal and look beyond the interest rate on the loan.

5. Learn your rights as a borrower. Mortgage borrowers will get more new rights as consumers when the new mortgage rules go into effect this year. Make sure to be aware of your rights so you don’t run into any problems.

6. Take good care of your credit. If you are planning to get a mortgage, make sure to monitor your credit history and score until your loan closes. For the best rates, keep your credit score around 720 or above.

7. Don’t overspend. Lenders won’t want to give you a loan if you have little money left over at the end of each month. Try to keep your debt obligations below 43 percent of your income.

8. Consider alternative mortgage options such as ARMs. Depending on your plans, and how long you think you will keep your house, there are many different mortgage options. Rates on adjustable-rate mortgages can be as much as one percentage point lower than on fixed-rate loans. Although if you don’t know how long you plan to keep your home, a fixed-rate loan may be the better choice.

This article can be found in its original form on MSN Real Estate.

Photo: Total Mortgage

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The Federal Housing Finance Agency has announced a new Streamlined Modification Initiative under which mortgage servicers must now offer borrowers who are 3 to 24 months delinquent a plan to help avoid foreclosure. This new initiative differs from previous government plans like the Home Affordable Modification Program (HAMP) in that borrowers may be approved without providing proof or documentation of financial hardship.

According to Diane Cipollone, director of the Fair Lending Training Program for the National Fair Housing Alliance, the formula used to calculate the new payment is the same as for standard modifications under Frannie and Freddie.

Though the elimination of paperwork may benefit some, the formula is not based on income and affordability and will not necessarily make a significant financial difference to all borrowers. One category of borrowers likely to benefit from the streamlined program includes anyone who fell behind because of “a big interruption in income or some unexpected expense, and but for the arrears, they’re back on track,” Cipollone said.

This article can be found in its original form on NYTimes.com